Samuel – A Lifetime Serving God

Lesson 4: “The Priority of Praise” I Samuel 2:1-10


“My heart rejoices in the Lord…” I Samuel 2:1


A prayer of deliverance

·        Often in the Bible when people are touched by the Holy Spirit, they utter words that are both human and divine. Hannah's prayer is like that. It is both personal and prophetic.

·        In her first words, Hannah rejoices in whom, the Lord! (2:1) Not her miracle child!

·        Horns are a symbol of strength (2:1). Hannah's strength comes from the Lord. She had endured a lot to this point, and she is praising God for answered prayer.


A prayer focused on God's holiness

·        Hannah acknowledges the one true God (2:2), something Israel had failed to do many times in its recent past. In the midst of all that's going on around her, Hannah sees only God.

·        What prevented her from seeing God this way before the birth of Samuel?

·        Israel had painfully failed to keep focused on God's holiness throughout the time of the Judges


A prayer extolling humility

·        Hannah's warning against pride and arrogance is not just for Penninah, but also for all of Israel (2:3-5). Remember Deut. 8:11-14.

·        Hannah gives a series of examples of how God often works contrary to human expectations.

·        Recall the story of Gideon. See Judges 6:6,14-16, and Judges 7:2-6.

·        During Samuel's lifetime, Israel will ask for a king to protect them from surrounding empires


A prayer reflecting God's sovereignty

·        Hannah's prayer now broadens and focuses on God's sovereign control. This is why it is so important to follow God fully. (2:6-10)

·        Verse 10 is a glimpse of the Messiah

·        Notice the similarities between this prayer and Mary's prayer in Luke 1:46-55

·        What is it about God's miracles that make us reflect on God's power, and on our humility?

3 Principles


#1) God will exalt those who are humble and will humble those who exalt themselves. Meekness is not weakness. Rather, recall the story of David and Goliath (I Sam. 17:45-47) (see also Phil. 2:3-8)

#2) As Christians, we must fight our spiritual battles in God's strength, believing we can be victorious.

#3) We must not fail to worship God, to thank and praise Him for His gifts and blessings.


For next week, read I Samuel 2:12-36